Superfund Site for Pollutant Nitrobenzene Found in Sinclair Refinery, Wellsville, Allegany, New York 14895
The pollutant Nitrobenzene has been found in Sinclair Refinery, Wellsville, Allegany, New York. New York State environmental authorities have established this Superfund to defer the cost of Nitrobenzene cleanup. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reports that Nitrobenzene is a hazardous material that has been known to cause serious health problems. The contamination of this site may include the groundwater, soil, or air, due to spills, leaching, or release of gases from hazardous materials.
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Complete listing of pollutants found at this site: Barium, Nickel, Arsenic, Lead, Inorganic, Nitrobenzene, Xylene, Ethylbenzene, Lead Oxide, Lead Oxide, Fluorene, Dichloromethane, Zinc, Copper, Chromium, Nitrate/Nitrite, Trimethylbenzene, Benzo[A]Pyrene, 3,4-Benzo-Pyrene, Benzene, Chloromethane, Methyl Chloride, Trichloroethylene.
Conditions at listing (July 1982): The Sinclair Refinery Site in Wellsville, New York, is a 100-acre refinery that closed in 1963. Throughout the operation and dismantling of the refinery, various types of wastes (including cloth filters, fuller's earth, oil sludges, contaminated soil, and fly ash) were disposed of in a 10-acre landfill adjacent to the Genesee River. In addition, oil and other materials from spills when the refinery was in operation have apparently saturated much of the soil in the 90-acre refinery portion of the site. These materials are leaching into the Genesee River.
Wellsville draws its drinking water from the Genesee River about 0.5 mile downstream of the site. The river has changed course and is now eroding the edge of the disposal area. Oily material enters the Genesee River, and debris from the site litters the banks of the river downstream of the disposal area. The oily material has been detected in raw water entering the Wellsville water treatment plant. The State found mercury, PCBs, and oil components in samples collected at the site. The contaminants may be entering ground water, which supplies about 1,600 nearby residents.
Status (July 1983): EPA recently completed a Remedial Action Master Plan outlining the investigations needed to determine the full extent of cleanup required at the site.
The State applied to EPA for a $780,000 Cooperative Agreement to do remedial investigations/feasibility studies. The first is to select a method for stabilizing the eroding landfill and install gates and warning signs to limit access. The second is to evaluate and select a remedial solution for the entire site.
As a temporary means of stabilizing the landfill, the State has constructed a channel to accommodate a 2-year frequency flood.
Facility Description: Not A Federal Facility
Facility District Code: 31
|Pollutant||Media Description||Naming Agent|
|Nitrobenzene||Groundwater||Base Neutral Acids|
|Lead Oxide||Surface Water||Inorganics|
|Nitrobenzene||Soil||Base Neutral Acids|
|Trimethylbenzene||Soil||Base Neutral Acids|
|Nitrobenzene||Debris||Base Neutral Acids|
|Trimethylbenzene||Debris||Base Neutral Acids|
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