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Life expectancy for a mesothelioma patient depends on variety of factors, including the extent of the cancer at the time a person is diagnosed. The mesothelioma survival rate typically ranges from 4 to 18 months.
Life after a Mesothelioma Diagnosis
How long do I have to live? It’s a question that often follows the devastating news of a mesothelioma diagnosis.
Mesothelioma is an aggressive asbestos-related cancer that forms in the protective lining of the chest, the abdomen, the heart, and the testicles. It can take 10 to 50 or more years after a person’s first exposure to asbestos for mesothelioma to develop, but once diagnosed, the disease can kill in a matter of months.
Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed only after the cancer has progressed because the symptoms of mesothelioma mirror other, more common illnesses, making the cancer hard to detect. Oftentimes, this means mesothelioma patients are not candidates for surgical care and die within a few months to a little over a year of first experiencing symptoms.
Mesothelioma Survival Rate
Although there is no cure for mesothelioma, the survival rate is rising as researchers learn more about the deadly disease. More mesothelioma patients than ever before are living for at least one year after diagnosis, and some patients have even survived for five and 10 years. Still, the current five-year survival rate for mesothelioma is only 10 percent.
Some factors linked to longer survival times include:
- Good overall health
- Younger age
- Female gender
- Epithelioid subtype
- Lack of chest pain
- No significant weight loss
- Normal levels of a substance in the blood called LDH
- Normal red blood cell counts, white blood cell counts, and blood platelet counts
Mesothelioma Stages & Life Expectancy
The stage of the mesothelioma cancer, or how far it has progressed at the time of diagnosis, affects life expectancy. The earlier a doctor catches the cancer, the better the prognosis and expected survival rate.
Staging can affect the treatment options available to a patient. Stage I means the cancer is localized, while stage IV, the most advanced stage of mesothelioma, means the cancer has spread and surgery is no longer a viable option. People with mesotheliomas that can be operated on are likely to live longer than those with cancer that has spread too far to be surgically removed. Unfortunately, most patients are not diagnosed until stages III or IV because symptoms can remain unnoticeable for some time.
A large international study looked at the median survival time of patients with pleural mesothelioma (cancer of the lining of the lungs) who were treated with surgery between 1995 and 2009. Patients with stage IV mesothelioma, for example, had a median survival of 12 months, meaning half the patients in the group lived longer than 12 months and half the patients didn’t.
Life Expectancy by Mesothelioma Type
Mesothelioma is classified by where it starts in the body, and the location of the tumors can affect life expectancy. Patients with pleural mesothelioma, which occurs in the lining of the lungs, make up 75 percent of all mesothelioma cases and have the best rate of survival. Tumors that form in the lining of the abdomen are called peritoneal mesotheliomas and are the second most common type of the disease. The overall prognosis of peritoneal mesothelioma is worse than pleural mesothelioma with a mean survival time of about 7 months.
Mesothelioma Cell Type
Mesothelioma is typically divided into three cell-type categories, depending on the tissue involved. These cell types include epithelial, sarcomatoid, and biphasic.
- Epithelial mesothelioma is the most common type, accounting for 50 percent of all cases. It has the best survival rate.
- Sarcomatoid mesothelioma is the least common but most aggressive of the cell types. It is associated with a particularly poor prognosis.
- Biphasic mesothelioma is known as mixed type because it’s a combination of epitheliod and sarcomatoid cell types.
In a study of 1,605 cases, German researchers recorded a survival time of 16.9 months for epithelioid malignant mesotheliomas, compared with 13.1 months for biphasic tumors, and 5.5 months for the sarcomatoid tumors. The majority of patients who survive for more than two years have epithelioid mesothelioma cells and tend to die from respiratory failure.
Other Factors Affecting Mesothelioma Life Expectancy
The stage of the cancer, tumor location, and cell type are known as tumor-related factors. Non-tumor factors also exist and include age, gender, blood characteristic, and general health.
Performance status (overall health) The more active and fit you are, the more likely your body will be able to handle and bounce back from aggressive cancer treatments. Doctors measure how well you are doing and call this your performance status, or PS.
Age & Gender Mesothelioma is much more common in men and older people. Women with mesothelioma and younger, healthier patients tend to live longer than do men and older patients with the same disease.
Blood characteristics High blood platelet count (thrombocytosis) and high white blood cell count (leukocytosis) in mesothelioma patients are associated with shorter life expectancy.
Improving Mesothelioma Survival
Each mesothelioma cancer patient is unique. However, survival rates are often improved when patients:
- See doctors who are focused solely on mesothelioma;
- Receive more than one form of treatment, such as a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy;
- And have access to new and innovative therapies, such as immunotherapy and mesothelioma vaccines.
Weitz & Luxenberg, a top mesothelioma law firm, looks forward to a time when mesothelioma victims’ lives can be prolonged and their quality of life enhanced. In addition to supporting promising mesothelioma research, our law firm has helped more than 33,000 mesothelioma victims seek compensation for their pain and suffering. In our 30 years of asbestos litigation experience, we’ve secured more than $8.5 billion for mesothelioma victims and their families.*
We would be honored to help you achieve the justice you deserve. For a free consultation, call 877-516-9192 or fill out a form to speak with one of our reputable mesothelioma attorneys.
* While our past record doesn’t guarantee future success, it is something you may want to consider when evaluating our experience.
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- American Cancer Society. (2016, February 17). What are the risk factors for malignant mesothelioma?. Retrieved from http://www.cancer.org/cancer/malignantmesothelioma/detailedguide/malignant-mesothelioma-risk-factors
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- Mineo, T.C. & et al. (2012, December 17). Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma: Factors Influencing the Prognosis. Retrieved from http://www.cancernetwork.com/lung-cancer/malignant-pleural-mesothelioma-factors-influencing-prognosis
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- National Cancer Institute. (2016, October 21). Stages of Malignant Mesothelioma. Retrieved from https://www.cancer.gov/types/mesothelioma/patient/mesothelioma-treatment-pdq#section/_26
- American Cancer Society. (2016, February 17). Survival statistics for mesothelioma. Retrieved from http://www.cancer.org/cancer/malignantmesothelioma/detailedguide/malignant-mesothelioma-survival-statistics
- Moore, A.J. & et al. (2008, December 19). Malignant mesothelioma. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2652430/
- Klebe, S. & et al. (2010, January 15). Sarcomatoid mesothelioma: a clinical–pathologic correlation of 326 cases. Retrieved from http://www.nature.com/modpathol/journal/v23/n3/full/modpathol2009180a.html#bib45
- Cancer Research UK. (n.d.). Survival statistics for mesothelioma. Retrieved from http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/type/mesothelioma/treatment/statistics-and-outlook-for-mesothelioma